Hindu sentiments are raised and Muslims flee Ayodhya
With parliamentary elections round the corner, Hindu extremist organizations such as RSS and its deceptive fronts BJP, VHP, Bajrang Dal and other Sangh Parivar started to demand the construction of Ram temple in Ayodhya on the spot where Babri Masjid once stood and was demolished on 6 December 1992. Simultaneously they are also targeting the Kashi Vishwanath temple-Gyanvapi mosque complex, raising fears about the fate of the mosque.
Sentiments of Hindus are being aroused. Brahmin owned media controlled by pro BJP business empires is playing the ball and provoking the Hindus as they had done when Babri Masjid was destroyed.
THE ancient town of Ayodhya, in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, has been known for its rich diversity of religious denominations, predominantly Hinduism and Islam. For centuries Hindus and Muslims lived in peace and harmony in this town where, in the year 1528, Mughal King Barber built a mosque, which later came to be known as Babri Masjid.
Even today overwhelming number of Hindus were clueless as to where Lord Ram was born except saying that he was born in Ayodhya.
There is no archaeological evidence to show there was a temple in the place where Babri Masjid was located. Two archeologists, Supriya Varma, professor of archeology at Jawaharlal Nehru University and Jaya Menon, who heads the history department at Shiv Nadar University, told the court that the excavation did not find anything to support the claim that there was a temple.
This situation continued until 1949, when some Hindu extremists secretly placed idols of Lord Rama inside the mosque triggering off strong protest from the Muslims. Both Muslims and Hindus filed civil suits, but in a move to appease the Hindus, and antagonise the Muslims and deprive them of their rights, the government declared the mosque premises a disputed area and sealed the gates.
Thus, the Congress government then was responsible for sowing the seeds for future conflict between the two major communities. In doing so it added insult to the Muslims who had already been prevented from praying in the mosque. The District Judge ordered, in 1986, that the gates of the mosque be opened to allow Hindus to worship. In protest, the Muslims set up the Babri Masjid Action Committee to fight for their rights.
The Hindu extremist party, Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) founded in 1964 by a group of senior leaders of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), formed a committee in 1984, and started spearheading a nationwide campaign to build a Ram Temple in the premises of Babri Masjid.
This insidious campaign was later led by long time RSS leader Lal Krishna Advani, who became leader of BJP – earlier known as the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, established in 1951 as a political wing of the RSS, to counter rising public revulsion after the venerated father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi, was assassinated by a RSS member. Known for its divisive and destructive policies, the RSS openly believes that national unity and progress could be achieved in India only when the country is ‘purged’ of non-Hindus, or, when members of other communities, especially Muslims, subordinate themselves ‘willingly’ to ‘Hindu superiority’.
It was L. K. Advani who first brought the Babri Masjid issue to the forefront of the BJP’s strategy and politicised it to achieve power. His extremely dangerous ‘rath yatra’ (chariot journey) whipped up religious sentiments, polarised society, generated passions and stirred Hindus and Muslims with pernicious results. Though no one knows the number of Muslims killed some estimate that around 30,000 Muslims were killed besides destruction to their properties.
In an article the day after the demolition of the mosque firebrand political commentator and editor of ‘Thuglak’, Cho Ramaswamy, wrote an editorial condemning the BJP, RSS, VHP, Bajrang Dal and the Sangh Parivar as a whole the day after the demolition,.
He said “Just for the sake of a few votes in the name of Ram Temple, BJP has done a huge damage to the nation.”Demolition of the Mosque was a most barbarous act completed in the name of Kar Seva. BJP, VHP, RSS & Bajrang Dal are responsible for the gory incident that happened in Ayodhya. Each hit on the demolished Masjid is a hit on humanity and Hinduism. It would take very, very long time for the Hindu religion to come out of this shame. The whole world would think, India is a country of barbarians. Hindu religion which is known for its tolerance, open mindedness has been put to shame.The barbaric mob which demolished the Mosque and the BJP, RSS & VHP leaders have destroyed India’s pride, prestige and our cherished history in one day.
It is true that the perpetrators of mosque demolition are Hindus. But it doesn’t mean that the majority Hindus relished and enjoyed the act. Most of the Hindus are peace loving people. They would like to have a Ram temple but certainly not by demolishing a mosque.The coming together of Hindus and Muslims to resolve this issue together would resurrect India’s fallen pride.
This barbarity continues unabated even today.
Meanwhile in an article titled Target Varanasi columnist Venkitesh Ramakrishnapurnima S Tripathi wrote in the Indian fortnightly FRONTLINE as follows on December 07, 2018;
“In a striking similarity with the way in which the area surrounding the Babri Masjid was cleared by a BJP State government in 1991-92, homes, temples and shops are being demolished around the Kashi Vishwanath temple-Gyanvapi mosque complex, raising fears about the fate of the mosque.
“This is only the trailer, now Kashi and Mathura remain “was the slogan that thousands of kar sevaks chanted as they left Ayodhya a day after the demolition of the Babri Masjid on December 6, 1992. Two and a half decades later, a series of developments in Varanasi, especially around the Kashi Vishwanath temple, signal that the Sangh Parivar has launched an expedition to realize its goals.
The Kashi Vishwanath temple and the Gyanvapi mosque in Varanasi. Photo: AKHILESH KUMAR
The most striking manifestation of this operation, which has been advanced in fervent bouts over the past four months, is the brazen moves made to gain full geographical control of the Kashi Vishwanath temple-Gyanvapi mosque complex by demolishing over a hundred structures, including heritage buildings and temples around it. It is a multipronged undertaking facilitated by various departments of the BJP governments in Uttar Pradesh and at the Centre and accompanied by communally polarising propaganda by a clutch of Hindutva-oriented organisations, some of which have sprung up all of a sudden and seem to have been set up especially as part of the “Target Varanasi Project”.
According to informal estimates, as of the second week of November 2018, as many as 168 structures, including about 95 residential buildings, have been taken over. Demolition of these buildings is at various stages of completion. The number of temples and places of worship that have been demolished would be approximately 55, say social activists associated with the Joint Action Committee and the Sajja Sanskriti Manch, which has been monitoring the demolitions.
These organizations have, from time to time, raised issues of the violation of social and human rights during the demolition drive. Talking to Frontline, Jagriti Rai and Diwaker of the Joint Action Committee pointed out that the acquisition-demolition drive had made hundreds of people homeless and deprived many more of their livelihood. Besides those directly affected by the project, there are many others who will lose their homes or shops for related schemes.
But, before all this is done, the advocates of the project on the ground—Hindutva combine activists claiming to be part of several new and old outfits—say that the religious and ritualistic importance of the project justifies such action. “The Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s pet project seeks to fulfil an important ritualistic requirement of seeing the Ganga while the darshan of Siva takes place. This privilege has been denied to pilgrims all these years. Now that Prime Minister Modi has decided to go ahead with this, this ritualistic requirement will be fulfilled,” said Ved Prakash Sharma, an activist associated with the VHP.
However many Muslims flee their homes as they fear VHP and Shiv Sena cadres descending on the town will do more than competitive communal sloganeering in view of the coming Lok Sabha elections.
However people are beginning to realize the fascist policies of the BJP government which suffered stinging election defeats in three key states, in a big blow to Prime Minister Modi ahead of national polls in 2019.